After seed selection, germination is the very first step in growing marijuana plants. If your weed seeds do not germinate properly, they won’t yield any plants, so it is very important to get this step right. Newer seeds will usually germinate on their own under the soil, as they would in nature. However, older seeds that have dried out might need some help. There are several things you need to take into account when trying to get seeds to germinate.
What Do They Need?
No matter what the condition of your cannabis seeds, all seeds need three basic things in order to germinate: heat, water, and oxygen. The ideal temperature for the seeds germinate is +- 24 degrees Celsius. Water is necessary to activate the hormones that lie dormant within the seed and, when put into action, cause it to sprout. Once the roots have sprouted, they need air, so although water is necessary, it is important that the soil in which you grow is not oversaturated. Marijuana plants are native to arid climates, so you want to create an environment that is close to the state in which they naturally grow.
How To Help Older Seeds Germinate
It is always better to use newer and fresher seeds from a source you can trust, but if your weed seeds are old or dry, there are a few things you can do to help the germination process along. You can scuff the seeds, using a rough surface like an emery board or a sheet of sandpaper, in order to make abrasions on the seed. This will help it to absorb water, which may speed up germination. You can also soak the seeds. Make sure the water you use is room temperature and purified. They should be soaked for at least two hours, but no longer than twenty four.
The third way to help them along is more complicated: you can try to germinate the seeds between two damp paper towels on a plate. This works best if you have a heating mat you can place underneath the plate. It should be set to 24 degrees Celsius. You need to plant the seeds in soil immediately after they sprout, so it is important to monitor them closely, and to remember that they may not all sprout at the same time.
Whether you germinate the seeds before placing them in soil, or put them directly in the soil to sprout, it is important to choose good quality soil to keep them healthy.
Even if you’ve become a pro at growing cannabis there’s always something else you can be doing to enhance the growth quality of your cannabis plants. There are different fertilizers you can use to make sure your plants are getting all the nutrients they require to stay healthy and you may not yet have tried them all. And maybe you have questions about what cannabis seeds are easier or harder to grow than others. Listed below are fertilizers you can begin to experiment with to see if they improve your plants and some information on seeds.
It may sound gross but urine is an excellent fertilizer for the grass on your front lawn as well as for your cannabis. Urine has the ability to thicken up your cannabis plant which will result in a higher yield. You don’t want to urinate directly on your plant or you’ll likely kill it. Diluting urine with water and spraying it onto your plants will improve their health.
Creating compost using things like kitchen waste and manure is an excellent way to fertilize your cannabis plants. It may take a month or two to get a good compost resource going and it will take some effort. You will need to gather things to toss into your compost heap every day and you will also need to mix up the compost with a shovel or pitchfork as often as possible, every day would be perfect, to get the compost established. Compost will enrich the soil that you have your cannabis planted in and it will enrich the growth and the quality of your cannabis plant due to all the nutrients the compost provides.
Harder to Grow Seeds
There are a lot of sativa strains that are much harder to grow if you’re growing your cannabis indoors. This is said to be because these sativa strains take longer to grow than some others and so there is a greater risk of making a mistake and messing them up. It’s also recommended that some of these sativa strains be grown in larger areas because the small areas tend to restrict them and they take a lot more effort and time to take care of properly. Unless you have a large indoor space with ample room for the larger cannabis plants, which most people don’t, then most sativa strains would grow best planted outdoors.
When you’re getting set up to grow your own cannabis you have a two different seed options to choose from: regular seeds vs feminized seeds, and autoflowering vs non-autoflowering. If you don’t know much about these types of seeds, making a decision on which kind to purchase may seem overwhelming and confusing, but by the time you’re finished reading this article you should have a better understanding of your seed choices.
Regular seeds vs feminized seeds
Regular seeds have the ability to grow into either male or female plants. Male plants are typically not wanted because they don’t produce buds. They only grow the pollen sacs that are used to fertilize the female plants. It is the female plants that everyone wants because they do produce the flowers or buds that contain the THC everyone wants from their cannabis plants. Since regular seeds have a 50% chance of growing into male plants, you could end up with all of your cannabis plants as males, which would be a waste of your time unless you’re just growing them for the seeds.
A lot of people prefer feminized seeds, which are created to guarantee that each plant it grows will be a female plant. This guarantee is usually spot on; however, there is some occasional fault with this guarantee. There have been cases where the feminized seeds have been exposed to temperatures that are either too cold or too hot or the seeds have become stressed in some other way giving them the possibility of producing male or female plants just like the regular seeds. For the most part though, if you buy feminized seeds, the plants they produce will be female.
Autoflowering vs Non-autoflowering
Autoflowering seeds produce plants that will flower on their own without any specific light patterns and they typically grow at a faster pace than non-autoflowering plants do. Autoflowering seeds have good points and bad points. They grow on their own without having to have very much exposure to light, it is possible to have several harvests in one year because of the speed at which they grow, and they hold up well to colder temperatures and are able to more easily resist mold and diseases. The bad points are that you typically get a smaller harvest with autoflowering cannabis because the plants grow to a smaller size so the yield is lower. Another bad point is that they sometimes have a lower percentage of THC.
Non-autoflowering seeds need specific light patterns to grow properly, which if you’re growing them indoors means you would have to have artificial light sources and make sure to change the amount of light the plants get regularly. Non-autoflowering seeds take longer to grow but the yields are typically bigger than that of autoflowering plants.
If you’re new to growing cannabis there is a lot of information you need to know in order to successfully produce cannabis plants. There are a lot of factors to consider, decisions to make, and a lot of time, money, and effort involved with growing cannabis. There may even be times during your exploration into growing cannabis that you may want to give up because it’s a lot harder than you’d thought it’d be. All you need is a little guidance and these tips for beginners should get you started.
Best Season to Plant
If you’re going to be growing outdoors, you’re probably wondering when is the best season to start growing your cannabis. The answer to that is: it depends. Probably not the answer you were looking for, but the truth is that it completely depends on where you are located and what the climate is like. Spring is usually the best time, when daytime temps are in the 70s and it is still cooler at night but not cold, and definitely not freezing. If you’re growing indoors, you can pretty much plant during whatever time of the year you want because you can control the temperature in the indoor environment.
Don’t Use Regular Soil
Because regular ground soil can sometimes be filled with contaminants or lack the nutrients your plant will need to grow, it is best to mix a store-bought potting soil in with the natural ground soil and also add some fertilizers to give your plant the best chance it has to grow.
Depending on what kind of seeds you’re using and whether you’re growing indoors or outdoors, you need to make sure your plant has sufficient light. This is especially important if you’re growing indoors and if you have non-autoflowering seeds. There are several different types of lights you can buy for this purpose, and each of the different types of lights has their own pros and cons, so make sure to research thoroughly before you pick one.
If you’re growing indoors, you need to make sure your plants get enough ventilation. Basically, they need the air to circulate occasionally so they don’t die. Placing a fan in the room with your plants can help provide air circulation and ventilation to keep your plants alive and healthy.
Read a Lot
You may be groaning at this last tip, but it’s the truth. If you’re a beginner you need to read as much as you can about how to grow cannabis so you know what you’re doing. The more you know about what you’re doing, the fewer mistakes you will make and the less frustration you will feel.
To find a time when cannabis was legal in the UK you’d have to look back in time to more than 80 years ago. Though there have been many unsuccessful talks about legalizing cannabis in the years since then, it wasn’t until just recently when the US state of Colorado legalized cannabis and collected more than a million US dollars in taxes from the sales of cannabis that the UK began considering the legalization of cannabis once again.
Public opinion on the matter of legalizing cannabis in the UK has wavered over the years. For a long time, most people thought it was not a good idea, mostly because they were associating cannabis with increased crime rates and because it was thought that cannabis was a more harmful substance than alcohol and cigarettes. Many people claimed, and still claim for that matter, that cannabis ruins lives and pushes people to do harder drugs.
As the years have passed and more information has come to light on the positive aspects of cannabis, opinions have changed. Due to extensive research that has been done all over the world, it has been discovered that cannabis is actually less harmful to your health than alcohol and cigarettes are. And since cannabis can actually benefit your health in some ways, such as working as a pain reliever and decreasing symptoms associated with certain illnesses like cancer, public opinion has gradually taken a turn to a pro-cannabis stance. Recent statistics show that more than half of the UK population supports legalizing cannabis, or at the least decriminalizing it.
Many people are wondering if the UK will see a legalization of cannabis in the near future and the answer is possibly. UK politicians are keeping a close watch on the effects that the recent legalizations in the US have had. The truth is the effects have been positive. Crime rate has actually lowered since the legalization of cannabis in the state of Colorado and with all the money that the state has saved since the legalization went into effect, as well as the money the state has collected from the sales of cannabis, it’s looking more like there may be a possibility in the very near future that new laws will be passed in the UK for the legalization of cannabis.